Comparative Performance Systems

  • David M. MelloEmail author
Living reference work entry



A plethora of definitions can be found in the literature on performance management regarding what constitutes a performance management system. For purposes of this entry, a performance management system refers to an interlinkage of carefully designed processes and activities performed to assess and optimize individual performance, as well as reward and continuously develop employees for the achievement of the overall organizational goals (Mello 2014).


Different performance management systems can be identified across the globe. In the public sector, performance management systems were introduced to deal with concerns over the effectiveness of public institutions. Similarly, the need to satisfy the growing and changing needs of members of the public was another consideration for the introduction and improvement of performance management...

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  1. Mello DM (Ed) (2014) Managing human capital in the public sector. Van Schaik, PretoriaGoogle Scholar
  2. Tompkins JR (2005) Organization theory and public management. Wadsworth, BelmontGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, Mafikeng CampusNorth-West UniversityMafikengSouth Africa