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Development of Palliative Care: Past, Present, and Future

  • Xavier Gómez-Batiste
  • Jordi Amblàs
  • Xavier Costa
  • Cristina Lasmarías
  • Sebastià Santaeugènia
  • Pau Sanchez
  • Ingrid Bullich
  • Sara Ela
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Palliative care is an essential element of any health care system and a component of comprehensive and integrated care. Access to good palliative care is a basic human right. Palliative care has evolved since its modern foundation: the British Hospice model proposed building comprehensive models of care (responding to all dimensions of needs of patients). Palliative care has since spread into all the different settings of the health care systems.

Key evolution of palliative care provision includes:
  • The design and implementation of public health models as national or regional palliative care programs, and the policy proposed by the WHO in the World Health Assembly Resolution WHA67.19 in 2014: “Strengthening of palliative care as a component of comprehensive care throughout the life course.

  • The shift from the institutional and late care of terminal cancer patients toward the timely community- and population-based perspective and links to chronic care models.

  • Initiatives of compassionate communities which aim at involving society to change attitudes toward end of life and propose integrated care at the community level.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xavier Gómez-Batiste
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jordi Amblàs
    • 2
  • Xavier Costa
    • 2
  • Cristina Lasmarías
    • 3
  • Sebastià Santaeugènia
    • 4
  • Pau Sanchez
    • 5
  • Ingrid Bullich
    • 5
  • Sara Ela
    • 3
  1. 1.World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Public Health Palliative Care Programs, Catalan Institute of OncologyBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Chair of Palliative CareUniversity of Vic-Central University of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Public Health Palliative Care Programs, Catalan Institute of Oncology, Chair of Palliative CareUniversity of Vic-Central University of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Chronic Care ProgramGeneral Management of Health Planning, Government of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Socio-Health ProgramGeneral Management of Health Planning, Government of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain

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