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Renovascular Hypertension, Vasculitis, and Aortic Coarctation

  • Kjell TullusEmail author
  • Wesley Hayes
Reference work entry

Abstract

High blood pressure in children is caused by vascular abnormalities in the aorta such as coarctation or mid-aortic syndrome or in the renal arteries in a significant proportion of cases. The underlying causes are mostly unknown but thought to be an abnormality in the blood vessel wall often called fibromuscular dysplasia. Inflammation in the vessel wall, vasculitis, can also cause hypertension. Vascular abnormalities are important to diagnose as in most cases they are amenable to surgery or angioplasty.

Keywords

Renovascular hypertension Renal artery stenosis Mid-aortic syndrome Angiography Renal vein renins Angioplasty Stenting Coarctation aorta 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Great Ormond Street Hospital for ChildrenLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joseph T. Flynn
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of NephrologySeattle Children’s HospitalSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA

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