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Positron Annihilation

  • Luca Chiari
  • Masanori Fujinami
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Positron annihilation spectroscopy is a nondestructive technique that has been extensively applied in recent decades to detect the presence of vacancy-type defects in a large variety of materials. It is particularly suitable to investigate the size and concentration of vacancy-type defects at various depths in metals, alloys, semiconductors, porous materials, and polymers. In this chapter, the main experimental techniques that take advantage of positron annihilation are reviewed, the data analysis procedures are discussed, and the information obtained in this kind of measurements is described. Typical applications of these methods are illustrated through examples of investigations on various kinds of materials. Advantages, present limitations, and potential future developments of these techniques are discussed in detail.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry and BiotechnologyGraduate School of Engineering, Chiba UniversityChibaJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ida Nathan
    • 1
  • Norbert Meyendorf
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of AkronAkronUSA
  2. 2.Center for Nondestructive EvaluationIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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