Neonatology pp 2391-2425 | Cite as

Neonatal Skin Disorders

  • Michele FimianiEmail author
  • Roberta Bilenchi
  • Filomena Mandato
  • Stefania Mei
  • Niccolò Nami
  • Rosa Maria Strangi
  • Arianna Lamberti
Reference work entry


Skin is a dynamic complex organ, which accomplishes versatile functions and thus plays a key role in the maintenance of the homeostasis of the organism. At birth, the development of the skin is not fully complete. The beginning of the postnatal life is a period for active adaptation and maturation of the cutaneous structure and functions. The environment around the skin changes drastically after birth: a newborn infant goes from the warm, wet, sterile, and safe womb to a cooler, dry, bacteria-laden nursery; concurrently the baby begins the journey to self-sufficiency by breathing air, taking nutrition, and maintaining body temperature. Newborn skin is critical to this transition and performs many functions (barrier to water loss, light, and irritants; infection control and immunosurveillance; resilience to mechanical trauma; sensation and tactile discrimination; thermal regulation; and acid mantle formation).

A variety of normal and abnormal lesions may be present on newborn skin surface (including adnexa, oral mucosa, and genito-anal area). Although these findings are often benign, it is important to distinguish them and to be aware about the nature of the disease, to manage them properly.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michele Fimiani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Roberta Bilenchi
    • 2
  • Filomena Mandato
    • 2
  • Stefania Mei
    • 2
  • Niccolò Nami
    • 2
  • Rosa Maria Strangi
    • 2
  • Arianna Lamberti
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Scienze Immunologiche – Sezione di DermatologiaUniversità degli Studi di Siena, Policlinico “Santa Maria alle Scotte”SienaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, Dermatology SectionUniversity of SienaSienaItaly

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