Epidemiology of Adverse Cerebral Outcome of Newborns
Continuing improvement in perinatal and neonatal care has emphasized the importance of adverse childhood outcomes as the most important sequelae of care. Major disabling conditions such as cerebral palsy are related to the occurrence of brain injury and appear to be reducing in prevalence and severity among the very preterm group. However, the most common problems found after preterm birth relate to intellectual disability, defined in early childhood as low developmental test scores. Severe visual and hearing impairments are much less prevalent but nonetheless important impairments. In this chapter I will discuss time trends in outcomes and short-term prevalences up to 3 years of age.
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