Neonatology pp 2125-2142 | Cite as

Congenital Malformations of the Brain: Spectrum and Causes

  • Elie SalibaEmail author
Reference work entry


Defective nervous system development results in a diverse group of diseases, ranging from major malformations that are incompatible with postnatal life to moderate or severe disabilities. Congenital malformations of the brain refer to any structural abnormality of the central nervous system (CNS), present at birth, and due to interrupted or modified CNS development during intrauterine life, whatever the etiology. The frequency of CNS malformations has been estimated to be 5–10/1000 births, found in 5–10% of stillborn infants, or early deceased neonates.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive CareUniversité François Rabelais and CHRU de ToursToursFrance
  2. 2.Inserm U930, FranceUniversité François Rabelais and CHRU de ToursToursFrance

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