Neonatology pp 2055-2080 | Cite as

Neurological Examination of the Newborn Infant

  • Fabrizio FerrariEmail author
  • Licia Lugli
  • Luca Ori
  • Elisa della Casa
  • Isotta Guidotti
  • Natascia Bertoncelli
  • Laura Lucaccioni
Reference work entry


A simple neurological screening examination should be performed on all term and preterm newborn infants, as part of the general medical examination. A full comprehensive neurological examination (NE) of the newborn infant should fulfill diagnostic and prognostic aims. As far as diagnosis is concerned, the NE needs to assess the severity of the acute (or subacute) brain dysfunction and to select those babies who may benefit from therapeutic hypothermia; the cooled newborn babies need to be assessed with serial NE during the first days after birth. As to the prognostic power of NE, repeated longitudinal assessment is needed in order to depict a developmental trajectory that better predicts the developmental outcome. The NE available for preterm and term newborn infants are discussed in relation to their peculiarities and strengths.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrizio Ferrari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Licia Lugli
    • 2
  • Luca Ori
    • 2
  • Elisa della Casa
    • 2
  • Isotta Guidotti
    • 2
  • Natascia Bertoncelli
    • 2
  • Laura Lucaccioni
    • 2
  1. 1.Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and AdultsUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly
  2. 2.Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and AdultsUniversity Hospital of ModenaModenaItaly

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