Neonatology pp 1093-1109 | Cite as

Cardiac Emergencies in the Newborn

  • Liam Mahoney
  • Hector Rojas-Anaya
  • Heike RabeEmail author
Reference work entry


There are a number of different cardiac emergencies that can face the neonatologist. Many of these relate to the initial presentation of congenital cardiac lesions (incidence 6–13 per 1,000 live births). Rarer causes also include cardiac arrhythmias (1 in 25,000 for supraventricular tachycardia) and cardiomyopathies (5–9 per 100,000 infants) which can lead to hemodynamic decompensation in the neonate. Furthermore, iatrogenic injuries caused by interventions can lead to emergencies such as cardiac tamponade. These particular pathologies can present acutely and require prompt treatment by the attending physician. For the purposes of this chapter, the pathologies are split into four common presentations with the aim of providing a practical approach to cardiac emergencies in newborn: shock/circulatory failure, cyanosis, acute heart failure, and arrhythmias.

These particular pathologies can present acutely and require prompt treatment by the attending physician. For the purposes of this chapter, the pathologies are split into four common presentations with the aim of providing a practical approach to cardiac emergencies in newborn.
  • Shock/circulatory failure

  • Cyanosis

  • Acute heart failure

  • Arrhythmias


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Copyright information

© Crown 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Department of PaediatricsRoyal Alexandra Children’s HospitalBrightonUK

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