Neonatology pp 917-932 | Cite as

Rare Lung Diseases of Newborns

  • Paolo TagliabueEmail author
  • Elena Ciarmoli
Reference work entry


Rare causes of respiratory distress in the newborn, mainly in term infants, need to be considered in uncommon and atypical circumstances. Embryological, pathological, surgical, antenatal, or pediatric classifications for rare lung diseases have been reported. The following is a description of rare but not negligible pulmonary diseases causing respiratory distress with neonatal presentation.

Parenchymal diseases and cystic lung diseases are briefly dealt with in order to favor the clinical approach and the diagnostic orientation in these rare and often life-threatening conditions.



Alveolar capillary dysplasia


Bronchogenic cyst


Bronchopulmonary sequestration


Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia


Congenital lobar emphysema


Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia


Primary ciliary dyskinesia


Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neonatologia e Terapia Intensiva NeonataleFondazione MBBM, ASST-Ospedale San Gerardo-MonzaMonzaItaly

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