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Neonatology pp 471-480 | Cite as

Primary Investigations in the Term and Preterm Newborn

  • Diego Gazzolo
  • Francesco Risso
  • Andrea Sannia
Reference work entry

Abstract

Admission to nursery or to neonatal intensive care unit represents one of the topic moments in newborn’s early post-natal life. Moving from adequate obstetrical history documentation according to maternal-fetal risk factors and to gestational age at birth, the neonatal team have to decide which clinical, laboratory and diagnostic procedure need to be performed. Some primary investigations such as metabolic screening are generally regulated by national governments, independently from clinical conditions, whilst others depend from perinatal risk factors and by clinical evaluation at birth. This refers to the occurrence in term and preterm newborns of the main post-natal complications such as infections, glucose and bilirubinemia metabolism disturbances. Although respiratory, cardiovascular and cerebral complications account in the majority of preterm infants, these clinical aspects have to be taken into the due consideration also in term newborns. In the present chapter on overview on new insight on neonatal laboratory technique and in non-invasive monitoring devices currently used in nursery and in intensive care is provided.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of MaternalFetal and Neonatal Medicine, S. Arrigo Children’s HospitalAlessandriaItaly
  2. 2.Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Emergency MedicineG. Gaslini Children’s HospitalGenoaItaly

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