In 2015, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation estimated that 85% of babies born at term will initiate spontaneous respirations within 10–30 s of birth. In the USA, 5–10% of all newborn infants require basic life support in the delivery room or nursery. There are similar figures for Western Europe.
Approximately 1% of newborns require more extensive resuscitation procedures. Recent estimates indicate that worldwide 814,000 die and an equal number develops sequels after birth asphyxia. Thus, it is important to anticipate which infants are at risk, and the antepartum and intrapartum history often can be a help in predicting which infants will need resuscitation.
- Perlman JM, Wyllie J, Kattwinkel J, Neonatal Resuscitation Chapter Collaborators et al (2010) Part 11: neonatal resuscitation: 2010 International consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care science with treatment recommendations. Circulation 122(16 Suppl 2):S516–S538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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- World Health Organization, Department of Reproductive Health and Research (1998) Basic newborn resuscitation: a practical guide. WHO, Geneva. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1998/WHO_RHT_MSM_98.1.pdfGoogle Scholar