Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_853-1



Responsibility – The extent to which an outcome of an event (often a behavior or specific consequence) is attributed to a person or object directly or indirectly related to that particular outcome.


The current section reviews and compares several models of responsibility within the context of attribution research. Specific components and dimensions of each model are discussed as they relate to other models. These models are then couched within the historical trends and emerging trends of research on responsibility.


A person’s responsibility for an event or outcome has captured attention in psychology for several decades. This stems from a general motivation to explain others’ behaviors and distinguish whether or not the behavior can be attributed to the disposition of that person. Early theories of behavior have focused on the distinction between internal and external causes (this primarily included...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Prairie View A&M UniversityPrairie ViewUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly