Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Guido AlessandriEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_833-1



Overcontrol refers to the tendency to constrain motivational and emotional impulses (Block and Kremen 1996).


Overcontrol reflects a general style of emotion regulation characterized by a tendency to inhibit, block, or constrain the expression of one’s own emotions. It is related to the constructs of introversion–extraversion, reflection–impulsivity, internalizing–externalizing, emotional suppression, and delay of gratification (see Block and Kremen 1996 for a deeper analysis).

Overcontrolled individuals tend toward minimal expression of their impulses and are usually described as relatively inhibited and constrained (Huey and Weisz 1997). At its extreme, overcontrol overlaps with psychopathology, and in particular with the internalizing dimension classically described by Achenbach and colleagues (Achenbach and Edelbrock 1978; Achenbach et al. 1987), including such problems as anxiety,...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Velotti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly