Overcontrol refers to the tendency to constrain motivational and emotional impulses (Block and Kremen 1996).
Overcontrol reflects a general style of emotion regulation characterized by a tendency to inhibit, block, or constrain the expression of one’s own emotions. It is related to the constructs of introversion–extraversion, reflection–impulsivity, internalizing–externalizing, emotional suppression, and delay of gratification (see Block and Kremen 1996 for a deeper analysis).
Overcontrolled individuals tend toward minimal expression of their impulses and are usually described as relatively inhibited and constrained (Huey and Weisz 1997). At its extreme, overcontrol overlaps with psychopathology, and in particular with the internalizing dimension classically described by Achenbach and colleagues (Achenbach and Edelbrock 1978; Achenbach et al. 1987), including such problems as anxiety,...
- Alessandri, G., & Vecchione, M. (2017). Resilient, undercontrolled, and overcontrolled personality types across cultures. In A. Timothy Church (Ed.), The Praeger handbook of personality across cultures (Vol. 2). Santa Barbara: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Asendorpf, J. B., & Van Aken, M. A. G. (1999). Resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled personality prototypes in childhood: Replicability, predictive power, and the trait-type issue. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 815–832. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.525.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Block, J. H., & Block, J. (1980). The role of Ego-control and Ego-resiliency in the organization of behavior. In W. A. Collins (Ed.), The Minnesota symposium on child psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 39–101). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Steca, P., Alessandri, G., & Caprara, G. V. (2010). The utility of a well-known personality typology in studying successful aging: Resilients, undercontrollers, and overcontrollers in old age. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 442–446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.01.CrossRefGoogle Scholar