Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Gender Schemas

  • Enoch Leung
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_667-1

Synonyms

Definition

Gender schemas are defined as organized, abstract categories that people utilize to give meaning to their everyday lives, using such schemas to guide their behavior and information processing (Welch-Ross and Schmidt 1996). As these are abstract categories constructed by the individual, gender schemas constantly evolve as the individual ages and encounters various experiences. Similarly, as each individual is unique and representative of their own culture and social environment, gender schemas can be situated in the individual’s culture and social environment as well. These gender schemes will guide the individual’s actions and activities depending on their beliefs about what is appropriate for their gender (Meyer and Gelman 2016).

Introduction

Gender begins to be differentiated when children are able to label themselves as either female or male, which is at around age 2 to 3 (Slaby and Frey 1975; Tobin et al. 2010; Meyer and Gelman 2016)....

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational and Counselling PsychologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA