Continuum models are concerned with identifying and measuring individual differences in psychological phenomena, such as emotion, mood, intelligence, and interpersonal styles.
Models of personality – and their corresponding measurements of personality – typically fall into two broad categories: those that assume that people can be usefully assigned to discrete personality categories or types and those that assume that the best way to understand and measure personality is to view personality as consisting of continuous personality traits or dimensions. Personality typologies are similar to psychiatric diagnostic categories. Psychiatric diagnostic categories put psychological problems into this category or that one without regard to the severity of the person’s problems or to what extent the person displays the characteristics that define a particular diagnostic category. Likewise, a personality typology assumes that a person has this type of personality or that type without regard to...
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