Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Locus of Hope

  • Jody A. WorleyEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2322-1



Locus of Hope refers to the notion that the source for hope can be located within oneself (internal) or from others (external). Hope is defined in terms of a person’s agency and capacity to work towards the attainment of goals given that one has the means to reach those goals.


A hopeful person, according to hope theory, is one who believes they are capable of generating alternative strategies for achieving a desired goal (pathways thinking) and that they are also capable of taking the necessary actions necessary to follow those strategies toward goal attainment. Hope theory prescribes that both agency and pathways are necessary components of hope. Any deficit in this cognitive theory (goals, agency, pathways) reflects low hope. The locus of hope is an extension of the idea that an individual generates strategies and musters the confidence to work toward a desired goal on their own (internally) to include the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OklahomaTulsaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA