Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Formal Characteristics of Behavior: Temperament Inventory

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2285-1

Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) was developed to assess temperament, in accordance with Strelau’s regulative theory of temperament (RTT). The name of the theory underlines the functional significance of temperament, which is understood as a regulator and codeterminant of behavior, while the name of the inventory refers to the specificity of temperament conceptualization in RTT.


For a better understanding of the essence of RTT, the definition of temperament presented below is a good starting point:

Temperament refers to basic, relatively stable, personality traits expressed mainly in the formal (energetic and temporal) characteristics of reactions and behavior. These traits are present from early childhood and they have their counterpart in animals. Primarily determined by inborn biological mechanisms, temperament is subject to changes caused by maturation and individual-specific genotype-environment interplay (Strelau 1998, p. 165).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WarsawWarsawPoland
  2. 2.University of Social Sciences and HumanitiesWarsawPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anna Czarna
    • 1
  1. 1.Jagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland