Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Mruk, Christopher J.

Biographical Description of Nearly a Half Century of Work on Self-Esteem
  • Christopher MrukEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2249-3


Christopher J. Mruk is a professor of psychology at Bowling Green State University in Ohio where he is a member of its Firelands College, one of the university’s undergraduate colleges, as well as the university’s graduate college. He is a clinical psychologist who specializes in (1) self-esteem, (2) humanistic psychology, and (3) positive psychology.

Education and Background

Christopher J. Mruk was born in 1949 in Warren, Michigan. He earned his BS in psychology from Michigan State University in 1971. Then, he worked in the field as a psychiatric technician for a year before becoming the supervisor of a methadone program for heroin addiction in Detroit, MI. Next, Mruk received an MA in humanistic psychology from Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, PA, and went on to work as a crisis intervention therapist at St. Lawrence Hospital, Lansing, MI, in one of the nation’s first two 24-h comprehensive psychiatric emergency services. The center was a model program sponsored by the...

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Selected Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lindsey Osterman
    • 1
  1. 1.Roanoke CollegeSalemUSA