Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Passive Coping Strategies

  • Betsi LittleEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1867-1



Passive coping strategies refers to a style of behavioral or mental disengagement from a stressful or psychologically taxing situation, in order to reduce the physiological, psychological, or social harm. Passive coping strategies, such as escaping, avoiding, and denial of the stressor, can be contrasted to active coping strategies, such as seeking social support, engaging in activism, or acceptance.


Coping is a process that draws upon personal resources with the end goal of regulating emotion, cognition, behavior, physiology, and the environment in response to stressful events or situations (Compas et al. 2001). In more narrow terms, coping can refer to a response needed to adapt to an adverse event. Coping can be viewed as self-regulation, goal attainment, and ego protection (Schwarzer and Knoll 2003). Coping can be examined through a number of constructs. Coping is usually described in one of two manners: active, such as seeking support in...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National UniversityLa JollaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA