Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Parent-Child Relationships

  • Brittany Paige Mihalec-AdkinsEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1866-1



Parent-child relationships refer to the unique and influential relations between parents and their children – either biological or adoptive.


Of the many distinct and even lasting relationships individuals develop in the course of a lifetime, one’s relationships with his or her parents are among the (if not the) most influential. The term “parent-child relationship” refers to the unique and significant affiliation between a parent and child. Legally, the parent-child relationship is defined as the relationship between an individual and their biological offspring or between an individual and a child he or she has legally adopted. Thus, at a first glance, parent-child relationships take one of two basic forms: biological or adoptive, with only biological parents sharing genetic material with their offspring. Of course, there is much more to the parent-child relationship than DNA;...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA