Feedback refers to an event whereby outputs from one system are fed into a coupled system as inputs, increasing or decreasing subsequent effects and forming a continuous circuit. Often, feedback and self-correction leads to varying adjustments resulting in differences between actual output and desired output, ultimately increasing the change to a given system or reducing change reverting the system to normal functioning (Carver and Scheier 1982).
Though traditionally applied to cybernetics, feedback loops are a useful tool in the conceptualization and analysis of human behavior through self-regulation, as explained by Carver and Scheier using control theory (Carver and Scheier 1982).
There are two types of feedback: positive feedback and negative feedback. The positive classification refers to accelerating or increasing a process rather than the desirability of the outcome. In a positive feedback loop: A produces more of B which in turn...
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