Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Sexual Selection

  • Justin D. Durham
  • Robert D. Mather
  • Steven M. DunnEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1573-1



A primary component of natural selection in which human and nonhuman animals compete for potential mates within the same sex and species, in relation to reproductive success, by means of female choice and male competition.


Sexual selection and the evolution of human mating behaviors may serve a function of the large individual differences in biology, motivation, cognition, and personality traits (e.g., Big 5) in any given population. Because sexual selection is a primary factor in human evolution, it should have a significant impact on the success of a species in natural selection for specific differences among individual and group selection for mates with personality and individual traits selected for by the opposite sex.


Human sexual behavior and human sex differences have been studied from various approaches and, recently, have been studied from an evolutionary psychology framework (Geary et al. 2004)....

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justin D. Durham
    • 1
  • Robert D. Mather
    • 1
  • Steven M. Dunn
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.University of Central OklahomaEdmondUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jon Sefcek
    • 1
  1. 1.Kent State UniversityKentUSA