Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Humanistic Perspective

  • Andrew M. BlandEmail author
  • Eugene M. DeRobertis
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1484-2



The humanistic perspective on personality emphasizes the individualized qualities of optimal well-being and the use of creative potential to benefit others, as well as the relational conditions that promote those qualities as the outcomes of healthy development. The humanistic perspective serves as an alternative to mechanistic and/or reductionistic explanations of personality based on isolated, static elements of observable behavior (e.g., quantifiable traits) or self-concept. Humanistic psychologists contend that personality formation is an ongoing process motivated by the need for relative integration, guided by intentionality, choice, the hierarchical ordering of values, and an ever-expanding conscious awareness. Humanistic psychologists employ an intersubjective, empathic approach in their therapeutic and research...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Millersville UniversityMillersvilleUSA
  2. 2.Brookdale CollegeLincroftUSA
  3. 3.Rutgers UniversityNewarkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ilan Dar-Nimrod
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SydneySydneyAustralia