Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Taxometric Analyses

  • Alyssa Norris
  • David Marcus
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1350-1

Synonyms

Definition

Taxometric analyses are a set of various mathematical procedures designed to determine whether the construct in question is dimensional/continuous (consisting of one class) or categorical/taxonic (consisting of two distinct classes).

Introduction

The way researchers and practitioners assess a construct is rooted in whether that difference is conceptualized as a difference in degree (dimensional construct) or kind (categorical difference). This fundamental distinction can be particularly apparent in the field of medicine. The difference in the autosomal gene copy that determines the development of cystic fibrosis or Huntington disease is either present or absent, reflecting a categorical difference in type. In contrast, although categories have been superimposed upon weight (body mass index: BMI) and blood pressure values to qualify risk for health outcomes (e.g., obese, prehypertensive; National Heart, Lung, and Blood...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alyssa Norris
    • 1
  • David Marcus
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Matthias Ziegler
    • 1
  1. 1.Humboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany