Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Personality Inventory for the DSM-5

  • Andrea Cheshure
  • Mark J. Lehtman
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1259-1

Definition

The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) is a 220-item self-report questionnaire that assesses five domains of maladaptive personality traits in adults. These domains are negative affect, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, and psychoticism. The brief form (PID-5-BF) contains 25 items and assesses the five personality domains with five items for each domain.

Introduction

The PID-5 was a result of the research and development conducted by both members and consultants of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition [DSM-5]; American Psychiatric Association 2013a) and Personality and Personality disorders Workgroup. The PID-5 was introduced by Krueger et al. (2012) and is used to capture personality dysfunction. The scale consists of 220 items that measure five overarching personality domains that include negative affect, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, and psychoticism. Included in these trait domains are 25 personality trait facets....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013a). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2013b). Online assessment measures: The Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form (PID-5-BF) – Adult. Retrieved from http://www.psychiatry.org/practice/dsm/dsm5/online-assessment-measures.
  3. Fossati, A., Somma, A., Borroni, S., Markon, K. E., & Krueger, R. F. (2017). The personality inventory for DSM-5 brief form: Evidence for reliability and construct validity in a sample of community-dwelling Italian adolescents. Assessment, 24, 615–631.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gore, W. L., & Widiger, T. A. (2013). The DSM-5 dimensional trait model and five-factor models of general personality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 816–821.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Harkness, A. R., McNulty, J. L., & Ben-Porath, Y. S. (1995). The personality psychopathology five (PSY-5): Constructs and MMPI-2 scales. Psychological Assessment, 7, 104–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harkness, A. R., Finn, J. A., McNulty, J. L., & Shields, S. M. (2012). The personality psychopathology – Five (PSY–5): Recent constructive replication and assessment literature review. Psychological Assessment, 24, 432–443.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Krueger, R. F. (2013a). Personality disorders are the vanguard of the post- DSM-5.0 era. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 355–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Krueger, R. F. (2013b). Promoting the vanguard: Rejoinder for “Personality disorders are the vanguard of the post- DSM-5.0 era”. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Krueger, R. F., Derringer, J., Markon, K. E., Watson, D., & Skodol, A. E. (2012). Initial construction of a maladaptive personality trait model and inventory for DSM-5. Psychological Medicine, 42, 1879–1890.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Maples, J. L., Carter, N. T., Few, L. R., Crego, C., Gore, W. L., Samuel, D. B., et al. (2015). Testing whether the DSM-5 personality disorder trait model can be measured with a reduced set of items: An item response theory investigation of the personality inventory for DSM-5. Psychological Assessment, 27, 1195–1210.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Miller, J. D., & Lynam, D. R. (2013). Missed opportunities in the DSM-5 section III personality disorder model: Commentary on “Personality disorders are the vanguard of the post- DSM-5.0 era”. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 365–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pincus, A. L. (2013). In through the out door: A commentary on “Personality disorders are the vanguard of the post-DSM-5.0 era”. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 363–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Thimm, J. C., Jordan, S., & Bach, B. (2016). The personality inventory for DSM-5 short form (PID-5-SF): Psychometric properties and association with big five traits and pathological beliefs in a Norwegian population. BMC Psychology, 4, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Widiger, T. A., & Simonsen, E. (2005). Alternative dimensional models of personality disorder: Finding a common ground. Journal of Personality Disorders, 19, 110–130.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ashton Southard
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA