Advertisement

Human Dignity in Latvia

Living reference work entry

Abstract

The chapter provides an overview on the development of the concept of human dignity in the Latvian constitutional order, analysing the genesis of constitutional regulation and the relevant case law. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of activities of the Latvian Constitutional Assembly at the time of drafting the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia and the work of legislators in developing the catalogue of fundamental rights after restoration of the state’s independence. The concept of human dignity in Latvia has been developing by taking into account the historical context and the unique architecture of the Latvian constitutional order. The Constitution of the Republic of Latvia provides for human dignity as a fundamental human right and a constitutional value. The content and application of the concept of human dignity are analysed by using the case law of courts of general jurisdiction and the Constitutional Court. The analysis of case law reveals that human dignity as a concept is predominantly applied as a fundamental right. It can be expected that in the future the concept of human dignity will be used in case law as a method of interpretation of the Constitution. It must be noted that the year 2017/2018 is the turning point in the development of the case law since both the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court have passed rulings, in which ideas regarding the concept of human dignity have been outlined expressis verbis and it was granted the decisive importance in adjudicating the case. Hence, fast development of case law is observed.

Keywords

Constitution of Latvia Human dignity Honour Rule of law Constitutional value Punishment Compensation Prisoners Freedom of expression Right to a fair trial 

References

  1. Barak A (2015) Human dignity. The constitutional value and the constitutional right. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bitāns A (2000) Civillikuma 2352a.pants [Article 2352a of the Civil Law]. In: Torgāns K (ed) Latvijas Republikas Civillikuma komentāri. Saistību tiesības (1401.–2400.p.). [Commentaries of the Civil Law of the Republic of Latvia. Law on obligations (Art. 1401–2400)]. Mans īpašums, Rīga, pp 635–637Google Scholar
  3. Bitāns A, Judins A (2011) Satversmes 95.pants [Article 95 of the Constitution]. In: Balodis R (ed) Latvijas Republikas Satversmes komentāri. VIII nodaļa. Cilvēka pamattiesības. [Commentaries of the Constitution of Latvia. Chapter VIII. Fundamental human rights]. Latvijas Vēstnesis, Rīga, pp 205–236Google Scholar
  4. Dišlers K (1931) Demokrātiskas valsts iekārtas pamati (Ievads konstitucionālās tiesībās). [Foundations of the democratic state (Introduction in the constitutional law)]. A. Gulbis, RīgaGoogle Scholar
  5. Hamkova D (2010) Neslavas celšana plašsaziņas līdzeklī. [Defamation in the mass media]. Jurista Vārds 36(631):7–9Google Scholar
  6. Ijabs I (2017) Politikas teorija: pirmiesoļi. [Political theory: first steps]. Lasītava, RīgaGoogle Scholar
  7. Kovaļevska A (2009) Tiesības uz atbilstošu dzīves līmeni. [The right to the proper standard of life]. Jurista Vārds 51–52(594/595):4–10Google Scholar
  8. Krūma K, Plepa D (2016) Constitutional Law in Latvia. Kluwer Law International BV, Alphen aan den RijnGoogle Scholar
  9. Kučs A (2014) Protection of fundamental rights in the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia during the interwar period and after the restoration of independence. J Univ Latvia “Law” 7:54–62Google Scholar
  10. Kučs A, Pleps J (2015) Latvia: second part of the constitution as a project for next generations. In: Suksi M, Agapiou-Josephides K, Lehners J-P, Nowak M (eds) First fundamental rights documents in Europe. Commemorating 800 years of Magna Carta. Intersentia, Cambridge/Antwerp/Portland, pp 329–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Laserson M (1923/1924) Die Verfassungsrecht Lettlands. [Constitutional Law of Latvia]. Jahrb öffentl Rechts Gegenw 12: 258–265Google Scholar
  12. Laviņš A (2014) The constitutional status of human dignity: case-law of the constitutional court of the Republic of Latvia. Almanac. Const Justice New Millennium: 87–98. http://concourt.am/armenian/almanakh/almanac2014/almanac2014.pdf. ISSN 1829-0124
  13. Levits E (1999) Piezīmes par Satversmes 8.nodaļu – Cilvēka pamattiesības. [Remarks on chapter 8 of the constitution – fundamental human rights]. Cilvēktiesību Žunāls 9–12: 11–40Google Scholar
  14. Levits E. (2013) Izvērstas Satversmes preambulas teksta piedāvājuma komentārs. [Commentary of the proposal of the preamble of the constitution]. Jurista Vārds 39(790): 9–19Google Scholar
  15. Mahlmann M (2012) Human dignity and autonomy in modern constitutional orders. In: Rosenfeld M, Sajó A (eds) The Oxford handbook of comparative constitutional law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 370–396Google Scholar
  16. Mits M (2010) European convention of human rights in Latvia. Impact on legal doctrine and application of legal norms. Media Tryck, LundGoogle Scholar
  17. Plepa D (2016) Līdzsvara meklējumi starp pamattiesību ievērošanu un valsts drošības aizsardzību Satversmes tiesa spraksē. [Balance between fundamental rights and national security protection: practice of Constitutional Court of Latvia]. Socrates. RīgaStradiņš Univ Fac Law Electron Sci J Law 2(5): 50–73Google Scholar
  18. Pleps J (2011) Satversmes 116.pants. [Article 116]. In: Balodis R (ed) Latvijas Republikas Satversmes komentāri. VIII nodaļa. Cilvēka pamattiesības. [Commentaries of the Constitution of Latvia. Chapter VIII. Fundamental human rights]. Latvijas Vēstnesis, Rīga, pp 737–782Google Scholar
  19. Rodiņa A, Spale A (2013) Satversmes 85.pants. [Article 85]. In: Balodis R (ed) Latvijas Republikas Satversmes komentāri. VI nodaļa. Tiesas. VII nodaļa. Valsts kontrole. [Commentaries of the Constitution of Latvia. Chapter VI. Courts. Chapter VII. State Audit Office]. Latvijas Vēstnesis, Rīga, pp 119–152Google Scholar
  20. Rudevskis J (2011) Satversmes 89.pants. [Article 89]. In: Balodis R (ed) Latvijas Republikas Satversmes komentāri. VIII nodaļa. Cilvēka pamattiesības. [Commentaries of the Constitution of Latvia. Chapter VIII. Fundamental human rights]. Latvijas Vēstnesis, Rīga, pp 21–60Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Riga Stradiņš UniversityRigaLatvia
  2. 2.University of LatviaRigaLatvia

Personalised recommendations