Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Gerardi Conedera, Monseñor Juan José

  • Andrea AlthoffEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_513

Definition

Juan José Gerardi Conedera was born in Guatemala City on December 27, 1922. He was a Roman Catholic bishop and human rights defender. For decades he worked in the countryside among the Mayan population. In 1988, the Episcopal Conference of Guatemala appointed him to participate in the National Reconciliation Commission, to begin the process of accounting for abuses during the civil war. He was also the driving force for creating the Office of Human Rights of the Archdiocese (ODHAG). Part of this institution’s work was the project Recuperation of the Historic Memory (REMHI). The results of the project were presented on April 24, 1998. On April 26, 1998, he was assassinated in his garage. In 2001, three army officers were convicted of his death and sentenced to long prison terms. A priest was convicted as an accomplice and also sentenced.

Information

Monseñor Gerardi was the second son of Doña Laura Conedera Polanco de Gerardi and Don Manuel Benito Gerardi, the latter an...

Keywords

Guatemala Catholic Church Catholic Truth Commission (REMHI) Civil war Genocide 
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References

  1. Cathnews (2003) Guatemala bishop’s killer killed in prison riot. http://cathnews.acu.edu.au/302/77.html. Accessed 24 Oct 2017
  2. Conferencia Episcopal de Guatemala (CEG) Monseñor Juan José Gerardi Conedera. 1922–1998. Martír de la Paz. CEG, Guatemala. http://www.iglesiacatolica.org.gt/mgerardi.htm. Accessed 24 Oct 2017
  3. Diócesis del Quiché (1994) El Quiché: El Pueblo y su Iglesia. 1960 - 1980. Diócesis del Quiché, Santa Cruz del Quiché, GuatemalaGoogle Scholar
  4. Escribano J (2001) The cook, the dog, the priest, and his lover: who killed bishop Gerardi and why? In: Truth and memory: the church and human rights in El Salvador and Guatemala. Gracewing, Herefordshire, pp 59–80Google Scholar
  5. Goldman F (2007) The art of political murder. Who killed the bishop. Grove Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Jeffrey P (2001) Three military officials and a priest jailed for killing Guatemalan bishop. Christianity Today. http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2001/juneweb-only/6-11-45.0.html. Accessed 24 Oct 2017
  7. Malkin E, Wirtz N (2016) Byron lima oliva, bishop’s killer, dies in attack at Guatemalan Prison. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/19/world/americas/guatemala-byron-lima-oliva-killed.html. Accessed 17 July 2018
  8. ODHAG (1999) Guatemala, Never Again! REMHI, Recovery of the Historical Memory Project; The Official Report of the Human Rights Office, Archdiocese of Guatemala. Orbis Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. ODHAG (2001) Sentencia Penal. Causa No. C-7-2000. Organismo Judicial, Guatemala. http://www.odhag.org.gt/Caso%20Gerardi/Sent%20Caso%20Ger%20Prim%20Inst_1.pdf. Accessed 24 Oct 2017
  10. ODHAG (2005) Sentencia Penal. Causa No. 7–2,000. Organismo Judicial, Guatemala. http://www.odhag.org.gt/Caso%20Gerardi/Sentencia%20Segunda%20Instancia%20Sala%20Segunda.pdf. Accessed 24 Oct 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gesellschaft der Europäischen Akademien e.V.BerlinGermany