Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Sosúa Settlement

  • Ken ChitwoodEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_302

Definition

Sosúa was a short-term Jewish settlement in the Dominican Republic during World War II and the Holocaust that harbored Jewish refugees.

Introduction

During World War II (WWII), 757 Jewish refugees from the Holocaust in Europe found respite in the Sosúa settlement in the Dominican Republic. While it was a short-lived project and very few of the settlers remained on the island after the war, the long-term legacy and impact of the community make it a relevant area of research and understanding in the field of Latin American Jewish studies.

The Jewish Community in the Dominican Republic

The first Jews to reach the Dominican Republic came to the Spanish colonial settlement of “Hispaniola” in the fifteenth century. These were largely Sephardic Jews exiled from the Iberian Peninsula following the “reconquista” and enforcement of Catholic Spanish identity in the late fifteenth century and early sixteenth century. There were spurts of immigration later in the 1700s and during and...

Keywords

Sosua Dominican Republic Judaism Diaspora Holocaust 
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References

  1. Elkin JL (2014) The Jews of Latin America, 3rd edn. Lynne Rienner Publishers, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  2. Kaplan M (2008) Dominican Haven: the Jewish refugee settlement in Sosúa, 1940–1945. Museum of Jewish Heritage, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Levy L (1995) The Holocaust: Dominican Republic as Haven for Jewish refugees. Available at: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/sosua.html
  4. Ucko HZ (2004) Henry Zvi Ucko papers, 1852, 1931–1993. University of North Carolina Libraries, The Southern Historical Collection. Available at: http://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/05146
  5. Wells A (2009) Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR, and the Jews of Sosúa. Duke University Press, DurhamCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA