Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Sephardi

  • Adriana Hernández Gómez de MolinaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_295

Definition

The Hebrew word Sephardi or Sephardic signifies the West or Spain; therefore, etymologically the term “Sephardi” signifies originated from the West or Spain and was used to designate Sephardis or Sephardim, that branch of Judaism that by genealogical ascendency, cultural rite, and language was related with the ancient nucleus of Jews in Iberian Peninsula: Spain and Portugal (Sánchez Porro 1996). After the expulsion of the Jews of Spain in 1492 a diaspora originated from this Iberian nucleus throughout the Mediterranean basin, so that in a general sense those called Sephardis referred to all the Jews of Southern Europe and of the East (Hernández Gómez de Molina 2013a, b), including those that came to found – with the original Sephardis in the principal center of civilization, adopted their religious rites, old-ways, and including their vernacular language: Jewish-Spanish or Ladino (Roth 1956).

Introduction and History

The Iberian Jews were considered descendants of the cream...

Keywords

Jews Spain Portugal Ladino Converts Askhenazis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colegio Universitario San Gerónimo de La HabanaCiudad de La HabanaCuba