Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Vatican II

  • Jakob Egeris ThorsenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_240

Definition

The Second Vatican Council (official name: Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican), also known as Vatican II, addressed relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the modern world. The council was opened by Pope John XXIII on October 11, 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI on December 8, 1965. Over 500 Latin American bishops participated in the different sessions of the council, and the Vatican II reforms had a significant impact on the Catholic Church in Latin America through their implementation by the second general conference of Latin American Bishops (CELAM) in Medellín in 1968.

Second Vatican Council

On January 25, 1959, 3 months after his election, Pope John XXIII surprisingly announced a new ecumenical council for the Catholic Church. Apart from the intention of an aggiornamento(“updating”) of the Church, Pope John XXIII had been deliberately vague in the determination of the content of the upcoming council and had kept himself out of the planning. October...

Keywords

Catholicism CELAM Medellín (CELAM meeting) 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bokenkotter T (2004) A concise history of the Catholic Church, Revised and expanded ed. Doubleday, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Dussel E (1992) Historia de la iglesia en América Latina: medio milenio de coloniaje y liberación (1492–1992). Mundo Negro-Esquila Misional, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  3. González OE, González JL (2008) Christianity in Latin America – a history. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Hennely AT (ed) (1990) Liberation theology. A documentary history. Orbis Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Linden I (2009) Global catholicism – diversity and change since Vatican II. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Prien H-J (2013) Christianity in Latin America. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  7. Schwaller JF (2011) The history of the Catholic Church in Latin America. From conquest to revolution and beyond. New York University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Valiente OE (2012) The reception of Vatican II in Latin America. Theol Stud 73:795–823CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Culture and Society, Department of TheologyAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark