Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Christian Base Communities (CEB)

  • Kjell NordstokkeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_196

Definition

CEB, comunidad(e) eclesial de base, is a small grass root Catholic community that congregates and mobilizes lay people, mainly from lower social classes, to celebrate their faith and to engage socially and politically. It also refers to a movement that spread all over Latin America since the 1960s, and many CEBs became the ecclesial platform for the theology of liberation.

Introduction

CEB is a group of lay people that regularly comes together, most often in the number of 20–50. They often meet several times a week, led by lay leaders elected by the group. Normally, they will follow the manual for the Sunday worship printed in the parochial center; they will read a Bible text and dedicate much time to reflection on its meaning in their everyday situation. Some CEBs will also distribute the Eucharist, if the bishop has authorized a layperson for that task. In that case, they will bring bread already consecrated by a priest. In their meetings, they also will discuss relevant...

Keywords

Catholic Church Social movements Theology of liberation CELAM Vatican II 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Barreiro A (1979) Basic Ecclesial communities in Latin America. Int Rev Mission 68:235–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boff L (1985) Church, charism and power: liberation theology and the institutional church. Crossroad, New York (Igreja: carisma e poder. Vozes, Petrópolis 1981)Google Scholar
  3. Boff L (1986) Ecclesiogenesis: the base communities reinvent the church. Orbis Books, Maryknoll (Eclesiogenese, As Comunidades Eclesiais de Base reinventam a Igreja. Vozes, Petrópolis 1977)Google Scholar
  4. Cavendish JC (1994) Christian base communities and the building of democracy: Brazil and Chile. Sociol Relig 55(2):179–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cook G (1985) The expectation of the poor. Latin American basic ecclesial communities in protestant perspective. Orbis Books, MaryknollGoogle Scholar
  6. de Theije M, Mariz CL (2008) Localizing and globalizing processes in Brazilian Catholicism. Lat Am Res Rev 43(1):33–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gutiérrez G (1983) The power of the poor in history. Orbis Books, Maryknoll (La fuerza histórica de los pobres, CEP, Lima 1979)Google Scholar
  8. Lernoux P (1979) The long path to Puebla. In: Eagleson J, Scharper P (eds) Puebla and beyond. Orbis Books, Maryknoll, pp 3–27Google Scholar
  9. Libânio FB (1979). A Community with a new image. In: International Review of Mission. 68(271):242–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nordstokke K (1996) Council and context in Leonardo Boff’s ecclesiology. The Edwin Mellen Press, LewistonGoogle Scholar
  11. Prien H-J (1981) Lateinamerika: Gesellschaft – Kirche – Theologie, vol II. Vanderhoeck & Ruprecht, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  12. Sobrino J (1981) Resurreicción de la verdadera Iglesia: Los pobres, lugar teológico de la eclesiologia. Santander ed. Sal Terrae.Google Scholar
  13. Teixeira F (1988) A gênese das CEB’s no Brasil. Ed. Paulinas, São PauloGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Diakonhjemmet University CollegeOsloNorway