Christian Base Communities (CEB)
CEB, comunidad(e) eclesial de base, is a small grass root Catholic community that congregates and mobilizes lay people, mainly from lower social classes, to celebrate their faith and to engage socially and politically. It also refers to a movement that spread all over Latin America since the 1960s, and many CEBs became the ecclesial platform for the theology of liberation.
CEB is a group of lay people that regularly comes together, most often in the number of 20–50. They often meet several times a week, led by lay leaders elected by the group. Normally, they will follow the manual for the Sunday worship printed in the parochial center; they will read a Bible text and dedicate much time to reflection on its meaning in their everyday situation. Some CEBs will also distribute the Eucharist, if the bishop has authorized a layperson for that task. In that case, they will bring bread already consecrated by a priest. In their meetings, they also will discuss relevant...
KeywordsCatholic Church Social movements Theology of liberation CELAM Vatican II
- Boff L (1985) Church, charism and power: liberation theology and the institutional church. Crossroad, New York (Igreja: carisma e poder. Vozes, Petrópolis 1981)Google Scholar
- Boff L (1986) Ecclesiogenesis: the base communities reinvent the church. Orbis Books, Maryknoll (Eclesiogenese, As Comunidades Eclesiais de Base reinventam a Igreja. Vozes, Petrópolis 1977)Google Scholar
- Cook G (1985) The expectation of the poor. Latin American basic ecclesial communities in protestant perspective. Orbis Books, MaryknollGoogle Scholar
- Gutiérrez G (1983) The power of the poor in history. Orbis Books, Maryknoll (La fuerza histórica de los pobres, CEP, Lima 1979)Google Scholar
- Lernoux P (1979) The long path to Puebla. In: Eagleson J, Scharper P (eds) Puebla and beyond. Orbis Books, Maryknoll, pp 3–27Google Scholar
- Nordstokke K (1996) Council and context in Leonardo Boff’s ecclesiology. The Edwin Mellen Press, LewistonGoogle Scholar
- Prien H-J (1981) Lateinamerika: Gesellschaft – Kirche – Theologie, vol II. Vanderhoeck & Ruprecht, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
- Sobrino J (1981) Resurreicción de la verdadera Iglesia: Los pobres, lugar teológico de la eclesiologia. Santander ed. Sal Terrae.Google Scholar
- Teixeira F (1988) A gênese das CEB’s no Brasil. Ed. Paulinas, São PauloGoogle Scholar