Suenens, Léon-Joseph Cardinal (CCR)
León-Joseph Suenens (1904–1996) was a Belgian Roman Catholic cardinal, theologian, and author.
Suenens studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (1922–1929). On September 4, 1927, he was ordained in Mechelen, Belgium, by Jozef-Ernest Cardinal van Roey, Archbishop of Mechelen. From 1930 to 1939, he taught philosophy, ethics, history, and pedagogy at the seminary in Mechelen. During the Nazi occupation (1940–1945), he was vice rector of the University of Louvain (Leuven) and, from 1945 to 1961, auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Brussels-Mechelen. In November 1961, he was appointed Archbishop of Brussels-Mechelen. Until he retired in 1979, at age 75, he served as a bishop. He was elevated to cardinal in 1962 by Pope John XXIII (Bundy 2002: 1108–1109; Cheney 2015; Fleckstein 1979: 5–24).
Suenens was a member of the commission that prepared the agenda for Vatican II. He became the initiator and leader of the reform movement that dominated the...
KeywordsRoman Catholic Church Vatican II *Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR) Modernity and Catholicism
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