Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Gutiérrez, Gustavo

  • David C. KirkpatrickEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_178


Peruvian member of the Dominican Order. Theologian. Born in 1928 in Lima, Peru. Best known as the foremost expositor of Latin American liberation theology.

The name Gustavo Gutiérrez is often synonymous with Latin American theologies of liberation. Indeed, he is regarded by many as the “father of liberation theology” though it is more appropriate to describe him as its most prominent and cogent expositor. With his book, “A Theology of Liberation” (1972), Gutíerrez gave a distinctively theological voice to the growing awareness of chronic poverty, inequality, and dependency in postwar Latin America. He was born in Lima in 1928. As a mestizo (of mixed Quechua and Spanish heritage), he grew up aware of discrimination and inequality in a fiercely unequal Peruvian society. His awareness of social injustice increased as he studied abroad at global centers of Catholic education. After a Bachelor of Science (BSc) at San Marcos University in Lima (where he initially studied...


Liberation theology Catholic Politics Latin America 
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  1. Hennelly AT (1990) Liberation theology: a documentary history. Orbis Books, MaryknollGoogle Scholar
  2. Gutiérrez G (1971) Teología de la liberación. CEP, LimaGoogle Scholar
  3. Smith C (1991) The emergence of liberation theology: radical religion and social movement theory. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of EdinburghEdinburghUK