3D X-Ray Tomography: Basics and Latest Developments

  • Theobald O. J. Fuchs
  • Randolf HankeEmail author
Reference work entry


In the following, the basic principles of X-ray physics are discussed which includes generation and detection of X-rays and the acquisition of X-ray projection images. Further on, the process of computer-assisted sectional image calculation is briefly introduced and the latest developments in the field are mentioned. Additionally, particular issues of micro- and nano-scale X-ray Computed Tomography are described. Finally, we attempt to look forward into the upcoming future of industrial X-ray imaging systems which most probably will evolve to cognitive sensor networks by applying advanced machine-learning technologies.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fraunhofer IZFPSaarbruckenGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer EZRTFürthGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ida Nathan
    • 1
  • Norbert Meyendorf
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of AkronAkronUSA
  2. 2.Center for Nondestructive EvaluationIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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