Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Personality and Friendships

  • Marta DoroszukEmail author
  • Marta Kupis
  • Anna Z. Czarna
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_712



Described as one of basic human needs, friendship is one of the most important relations in people’s lives and a common personal experience (Baumeister and Leary 1995). Personality plays a significant role in initiation, formation, quality, and maintenance, as well as dissolution of relationships between friends. It can also be deeply affected and possibly transformed by these relationships. In this entry, we will present the most fundamental findings about the links between personality and friendship, focusing on the impact exerted by personality (Big Five and Dark Triad traits models) on relationships with friends.


At every stage of life, people try to build relationships with others. Social connections are related to support that people receive and give to each other. They have positive influence on one’s...

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The present work was supported by grant no. 2016/23/G/HS6/01397 from the National Science Center, Poland, awarded to the last author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of PsychologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  2. 2.Faculty of International and Political Studies, Institute of Intercultural StudiesJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  3. 3.Faculty of Management and Social Communication, Institute of Applied PsychologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität zu LübeckLübeckGermany