Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Internal Monologue

  • Jayanti BasuEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_689



Internal monologue, also known as self-talk, inner voice, or internal speech, is an inner conscious stream of verbal monologue or thoughts in words.


Internal monologue has been a known phenomenon to literary people, developmental psychologists, and educational psychologists for long. However, interest in systematic research into internal monologue as a general psychological phenomenon has flourished recently after advent of neurological investigative tools like MRI and fMRI. Related to cognition and evaluation of self, it has been recognized to have significant mental health implications.

Development and Universality of Internal Monologue

The language of the internal monologue is diverse, contains unique characteristics, is dependent on culture, and has a developmental trajectory. It is a quite widespread phenomenon, and there exists a controversy as to whether it precedes or...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied PsychologyUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität zu LübeckLübeckGermany