Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Trust Versus Mistrust

  • Eliza GedgeEmail author
  • Steven Abell
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_639



The following entry describes Erikson’s first stage of psychosocial development, the impact of this stage on individual development, and the design of research scales to assess his theoretical ideas.


Erik Erikson obtained training in the psychoanalytic model in Vienna under Sigmund Freud. Erikson made a significant contribution to the field of psychology with his stages of psychosocial development, which he indicated drew on two major theories of psychoanalysis: psychosexual development and ego psychology (Erikson 1985). Erikson viewed his theory as an extension or an elaboration of Freud’s, adding a psychosocial dimension to psychobiology. With this addition, Erikson focused on the relationship of individuals with their culture, essentially placing the “individual in his...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Detroit – MercyDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of Clinical PsychologyUniversity of Detroit MercyDetroitUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin Meehan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLong Island UniversityBrooklynUSA