Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Psychological Types (Jung)

  • John BeebeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_625

The concept of psychological types, which we can define as the regular differences in the way people become aware of and try to cope with their psychological issues, even when they are dealing with challenges to psyche that are similar, is a distinctive contribution of C. G. Jung to the development of depth psychology.

Jung focused on the basic principle that in relating to the psyche, we are what we are observing. Therefore, our “personal equation” (Shamdasani 2003, pp. 30–31) must be taken into account when we look at our complexes and at the complexes of others who are sufficiently significant to us to become, in effect, parts of our own psychological life.


Jung’s studies in Paris immediately after receiving his MD in Basel brought him into contact with both Janet, who was studying subconscious fixed ideas, and Binet, who was exploring different forms of consciousness that affected the way people learn. Binet’s notions of “introspection” (“the knowledge we have of our...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.C. G. Jung Institute of San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin Meehan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLong Island UniversityBrooklynUSA