Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Eva PatrickEmail author
  • Elizabeth Diamond
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_591

Id is one of the three components of the psyche, according to Freud’s structural model of 1923. In 1923, Freud moved his map of the mind from a topographical model, which divides the psyche into the conscious, preconscious, and the unconscious, to a structural model. This modification emerged out of Freud’s clinical experience with patients and his growing realization that the former model was insufficient to capture the central element of the analytic treatment, the internal conflict between different parts of the mind (Mitchell and Black 1995). Freud therefore suggested that the conflict primarily occurs in different structures within the unconscious rather than between the strata of consciousness (Mitchell and Black 1995). The structural model is focused on the division of the unconscious into three primary components of the psyche: the id, the ego (see: ego), and the superego (see: superego).

The id is the basic, primal, unorganized part of the psyche, which is present at birth and...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wright InstituteLos AngelesUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin Meehan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLong Island UniversityBrooklynUSA