Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Whitaker AshleyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_2344



Self-dialogue is a procedure involving a heuristic approach to inquiry. It is centered on the person that experiences the phenomenon being investigated with the goal of attainment or realization of tacit knowledge regarding a phenomena experienced within the investigator, which remains latent to the researcher-as-participant until an inner-directed self-search is conducted through self-dialogue.


In conducting heuristic research, the researcher-as-participant of a qualitative study will inquire into a potentially troubling or deeply concerning topic relating to events or experiences that have transpired in the investigator’s life (Moustakas 1990). Multiple procedures inform heuristic research, including reidentifying with the focus of inquiry, self-dialogue, tacit knowing, intuition, indwelling, and focusing. As part art, part science, heuristic research utilizes many topics, tools, techniques, and best...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA