Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Rozel S. Balmores-PaulinoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_1917



Spontaneity is defined as “an appropriate response to a situation or a new response to an old situation” (Moreno 1953 cited in Kipper and Hundal 2005, p. 120). Spontaneity is also viewed as a theory that is claimed as the bedrock of psychodrama – “a method of clinical intervention and group therapy” (Moreno 1941, 1953, 1964 cited in Kipper 2000, p. 33). On the other hand, spontaneity is also seen as a way of life or philosophy (Kipper and Hundal 2005). This two-pronged perspective on spontaneity is detailed as follows: “as a philosophy, the idea of a spontaneous person reflected a way of living and a general outlook on life that valued taking advantage of living ‘in the moment’” (Kipper and Hundal 2005, p. 119). As a therapeutic agent, spontaneity was said to be a specific curative factor believed to increase openness, reduce inhibitions, and enhance one’s psychological well-being...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Anthropology and Psychology, College of Social SciencesUniversity of the Philippines BaguioBaguioPhilippines

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA