Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

2020 Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Evolutionary Perspective

  • Bianca L. KahlEmail author
  • Phillip S. Kavanagh
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_1632



An evolutionary perspective of personality and individual differences proposes that our personalities and individual differences have evolved, in part, to provide us with some form of adaptive advantage in the context of survival and reproduction. This perspective is an evolutionary psychology perspective, which in itself is based on biological evolutionary theory. Evolutionary psychology integrates psychological theory with evolutionary biology, in an effort to understand traits, cognition, and behaviors, and how individuals may differ across these in light of achieving their evolutionary goals.


Evolutionary perspectives of personality and individual differences are attempts at explaining our human traits and characteristics at a species level, group level (e.g., male and female differences, differences in specific personality traits), and at an individual level (i.e., how each of us are...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The School of Psychology, Social Work and Social PolicyUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.ISN PsychologyInstitute for Social NeuroscienceHeidelbergAustralia
  3. 3.The Florey Institute for Neuroscience and Mental HealthHeidelbergAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Glenn Scheyd
    • 1
  1. 1.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA