Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos


  • Juan Manuel Burgos
  • Domènec Melé
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_99-1



Personalism refers to a set of philosophical currents developed in the twentieth century facing the depersonalization of some precedent philosophical approaches and ideologies, such as radical individualism and collectivism. Personalism is structured around the centrality of the person, considering his or her individual and social dimensions. Some streams of Personalism also include the transcendent dimension. Underlying Personalism there is an elaborate philosophical anthropology of the person, which also supports Personalistic Ethics. This latter emphasizes the primacy of the person over things, human dignity, and the personal calling to human development, which is not independent of an effective concern for others.


Personalism refers to a set of philosophical currents born in the twentieth century and structured around the concept of the person.

There are several relevant currents...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Acevedo A (2012) Personalist business ethics and humanistic management: insights from Jacques Maritain. J Bus Ethics 105(2):197–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alford H (2010) The practical wisdom of personalism. J Manag Dev 29(7/8):697–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ballesteros J (1996) Ecologismo personalista. Tecnos, MadridGoogle Scholar
  4. Bengtsonn JA (2006) The worldview of personalism: origins and early development. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowne BP (1908) Personalism. The Riverside Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bruni L, Zamagni S (2007) Civil economy: efficiency, equity, public happiness. Peter Lang, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Buber M (1970) I and you (trans: Kaufmann W). Scribner’s Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Burgos JM (2017a) Introduction to personalism. CUA Press, Washinton, DC. Is the most general and up to date introductionGoogle Scholar
  9. Burgos JM (2017b) Antropología: una guía para la existencia, 6th edn. Palabra, MadridGoogle Scholar
  10. Burrows R (1999) Personalism. A critical introduction. The Chalice Press, Saint LouisGoogle Scholar
  11. Crosby JF (1996) The selfhood of the human person. Catholic University of America Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  12. Gronbacher GMA (1998) Economic personalism: a new paradigm for a human economy. Foreword by Michael Novak. Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty, Grand RapidsGoogle Scholar
  13. Guardini R (1993) Ethik: Vorlesungen an der Universität München (1950–1962) (Ethics: Lectures at the University of Munich (1950–1962) (ed: Henrich F). Matthias-Grünewald-Verlag, MainzGoogle Scholar
  14. Lévinas E (2012) Totality and infinity: an essay on exteriority (trans: Lingis A). Kluwer Academic Publishers, NorwellGoogle Scholar
  15. Marcel G (2002) Creative fidelity. Fordham University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Marcel G (2010) Homo Viator. Introduction to the metaphysics of hope. St Augustine’s Press, SouthbendGoogle Scholar
  17. Marías J (1971) Metaphysical anthropology. Pennsylvania State University Press, University ParkGoogle Scholar
  18. Marías J (1997) Persona. Alianza, MadridGoogle Scholar
  19. Maritain J (1966) Integral humanism, freedom in the modern world and a letter on independence (trans: Bird O, Evans J, O’Sullivan R). University of Notre Dame Press, Notre DameGoogle Scholar
  20. Melé D (2009) Integrating personalism into virtue-based business ethics: the personalist and the common good principles. J Bus Ethics 88(1):227–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Melé D, Canton CG (2014) Human foundations of management. Understanding the homo humanus. Palgrave-MacMillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Mortensen HJ (2017) The common good. An introduction to personalism. Vernon Press, WilmingtonGoogle Scholar
  23. Mounier E (1952) Personalism (trans: Mairet P). Routledge/Kegan Paul, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Nédoncelle M (1966) Love and the person. Sheed and Ward, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Rourke TR, Rourke RAC (2007) A theory of personalism. Lexington Books, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  26. Ruigrok ANV, Salimi-Khorshidi G, Lai MC, Baron-Cohen S, Lombardo MV, Tait RJ, Suckling J (2014) A meta-analysis of sex differences in human brain structure. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 39(100):34–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Scheler M (1973) Formalism in ethics and non-formal ethic of values. A new attempt towards the foundation of an ethical personalism. Northwestern University Press, EvanstonGoogle Scholar
  28. Sgreccia E (2012) Personalist bioethics: foundations and applications. The National Catholic Bioethics Center, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  29. Spaemann R (2006) Persons: the difference between ‘someone’ and ‘something’ (trans: O’Donovan O). Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  30. Stein E (1996) Essays on woman, collected works, vol 2. ICS Publications, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  31. von Hildebrand D (1973) Ethics. Franciscan Herald Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  32. Whetstone JT (2002) Personalism and moral leadership: the servant leader with a transforming vision. Bus Ethics: A Eur Rev 11(4):385–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wojtyla K (1979) The acting person, Annalecta Husserliana, vol X. Reidel Publishing Company, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zamagni S (2012) Por una economía del bien común. Ciudad Nueva, MadridGoogle Scholar
  35. Zubiri X (1999) Sentient intelligence. The Xabier Zubiri Foundation of North America, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Manuel Burgos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Domènec Melé
    • 3
  1. 1.Spanish Association of Personalism / Asociación Española de PersonalismoMadridSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Ceu San PabloMadridSpain
  3. 3.IESE Business SchoolUniversity of NavarraBarcelonaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Domènec Melé
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair Business Ethics, IESE Business SchoolUniversity of NavarraBarcelonaSpain