Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos


  • Paul B. ThompsonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_343-1



GMO (acronym for “genetically modified organism”) is a colloquialism applied to food and agricultural applications of advanced biotechnology, especially plants and animals containing transgenes (that is, gene sequences derived from species other than the recipient organism). The expression is never applied to biomedical applications of gene transfer. GMOs have been the subject of controversy since the 1980s, when they first began to be discussed. This article includes a brief historical overview of the debate, focusing especially on the early years when opposing positions were initially established. It is questionable as to whether GMOs would present particularly significant case studies for business ethics were it is not for the intensity of the surrounding controversy. However, given the hardened suspicions of opponents, key...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joanna Kafarowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Niagara on the LakeCanada