Water Security: Ethical Debates
Water security has been defined as the sustainable use and protection of water resources, safeguarding access to water functions and services for humans and the environment, and protection against water-related hazards such as flood, drought, and contamination (Wheater and Gober 2013). Water security is a relatively new idea and as a result many people frame their understanding of water security from disciplinary perspectives or, more generally, on the basis of sustainability concepts (Cook and Bakker 2012). These include managing water resources while balancing economic, environmental, and social needs, and ensuring inter-generational equity. Conventional water resource management was focused on measuring and allocating the available “stocks” (see “Economics, Ethics and the Environment”). Allocations did not take into account the moral principles that ought to govern how people...
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