Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences

Living Edition
| Editors: Dana Jalobeanu, Charles T. Wolfe

Fish and the Birth of Early Modern Ichthyology

  • Igor AgostiniEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20791-9_166-1

Synonyms

Definition

History of ichthyology from Pierre Belon (1517–1564) to Pietro Artedi (1705–1735).

Origins: Birth and Development of Early Modern Ichthyology as Science

For about 1800 years, the history of ichthyology was dominated by Aristotle’s revolutionary investigations on fish, especially in his Historia animalium and De partibus animalium However, in spite of this, for a long time, ichthyology was far from being constituted as a science. Things began to change only during the Renaissance when, for the first time, a tradition of commentaries on Aristotle’s biological writings arose. Pietro Pomponazzi (1462–1525), who was the first to comment the De partibus animaliumin Bologna in 1521–1523, as well as some others, felt the necessity, after the exhausting controversy on the immortality of the soul, to integrate knowledge of Aristotle’s corpus with the study of his biological thought. Nevertheless, it soon became clear that it would have been impossible to find...

Related Topics

Biology Ichthyology Zoology 
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References

  1. Artedi P (1738) Ichthyologia sive opera omnia de Piscibus. Conradum Wishoff, LugduniGoogle Scholar
  2. Belon P (1553) De Aquatilibus libri duo. Carolum Stephanum, ParisiisGoogle Scholar
  3. Gesner C (1551–1558) Historia animalium. Christ. Froschoverum, TuricumGoogle Scholar
  4. Marcgrave G (1648) Historiae naturalis Brasiliae. Johannes de Laet, LugduniGoogle Scholar
  5. Rondelet G (1554) Libri de piscibus marinis in quibus verae piscium effigies expressae sunt. Matthiam Bonhomme, LugduniGoogle Scholar
  6. Rondelet G (1555) Universae aquatilium animalium historiae pars altera cum variis ipsorum imaginibus. Matthiam Bonhomme, LugduniGoogle Scholar
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  8. Willughby F (1686) De historia piscium libri quatuor […]. recognovit J. Raius, LondiniGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Studi UmanisticiUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Justin E. H. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Département Histoire et Philosophie des SciencesUniversité Paris DiderotParisFrance