Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Semicircular Canals

  • Michael Khalil
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_993-1

Synonyms

Definition

The superior, posterior, and lateral semicircular canals of the inner ear responsible for balance and the movement of the head

Introduction

The semicircular canals are part of the structures of the inner ear, specifically the bony labyrinth. (Munir and Clarke 2013). The canals are filled with perilymph (Hain and Helminsky 2007). Their neurosensory elements are known as the crista and cupula, and the neurosensory elements of the canals’ otolithic organs are known as the macule and the striole. The semicircular canals are responsible for keeping the person’s balance and posture; they are also responsible for the movement of the head with the help of the otolithic organs.

Structure of Semicircular Canals

The semicircular canals are part of the bony labyrinth of the inner ear (Munir and Clarke 2013). The bony labyrinth consists not only of the semicircular canals but of the cochlea as well. The canals are filled with a fluid similar to the cerebral...

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References

  1. Chandrasekhar, S. (2013). The assessment of balance and dizziness in the TBI patient. NeuroRehabilitation, 32, 445–454.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chang, R., & Khana, S. (2013). Anatomy of the vestibular system: A review. NeuroRehabilitation, 32, 437–443.  https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-130866.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Hain, T. C., & Helminsky, J. O. (2007). Anatomy and physiology of the normal vestibular system. In Vestibular rehabilitation (3rd ed., p. 214). Philadelphia: FA Davis Company.Google Scholar
  4. Lee, S. C., Razek, O. A., & Dorfman, B. E. (2016). Vestibular system anatomy. In A. Meyers, F. Talavera, & P. Roland (Eds.), Medscape. Retrieved from https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/883956-overview.
  5. Munir, N., & Clarke, R. (2013). Ear, nose and throat at a glance. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell/Wiley.Google Scholar
  6. Pickles, J. O. (2012). An introduction to the physiology of hearing (4th ed.). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Khalil
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus