Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Modern Technology (E.G., IVF)

  • Hans Ivar HanevikEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_757-1


In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) together with Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) are the two major technologies applied in modern Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART)


In 1978, the world’s first “test-tube baby” was born in England (Steptoe and Edwards 1978). Her name was Louise Brown, and she was the first human born after fertilization of an oocyte by a sperm in a laboratory instead of inside the female body. Such in vitro fertilization (IVF) was at first developed primarily for treating infertility in female patients with obliterated fallopian tubes or other pathologies. Following this initial breakthrough, IVF was accompanied by other technological advances that together constitute modern assisted reproductive technologies (ART). One of these technologies is intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). ICSI is primarily used in couples where infertility arises due to a low sperm cell count in the ejaculate. The ICSI operator holds the oocyte in a...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Telemark Hospital TrustPorsgrunnNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Steven Arnocky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesNipissing UniversityNorth BayCanada