Genetic Relatedness and Child Abuse
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Physical or emotional abuse or neglect to an individual 18 years of age or younger by a parent or parent substitute.
Child abuse can be represented in a number of ways: physical abuse, physical neglect, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, or threats of maltreatment. According to the National Incidence Study (1996) by Sedlak and Broadhurst, physical abuse is anyone 18 years and younger who experienced injury or is/was at the risk of injury by a parent or parent substitute. This involves being hit with a hand or object or being kicked, shaken, thrown, burned, stabbed, or choked. Physical neglect is the harm or endangerment as an effect of inadequate nutrition, clothing, hygiene, and/or supervision. In addition, child abuse can also be emotional abuse, the use of nonphysical punishment or threats of maltreatment or emotional neglect, absence of affection and/or emotional support, or the exposure to...
- Daly, M., & Wilson, M. (n.d.). The “Cinderella effect”: Elevated mistreatment of stepchildren in comparison to those living with genetic parents. Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, & Behaviour.Google Scholar
- Sedlak, A. J., & Broadhurst, D. D. (1996). Third national incidence study of child abuse and neglect: Final report. Prepared under contract to the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Rockville: Westat.Google Scholar